ETFs (A-M)
ETFs (N-Z)
ETNs (A-Z)
 
 
On this page you will find easy to understand general information about ETPs.
 
       
First time investor information
 click here (October 2017)
Stokvel/Investor Club information
click here (July 2018)
Description of the different types of ETPs
click here
To view presentations about ETPs
click here
 
 
What are
ETPs?
An Exchange Traded Product (ETP) is an investment vehicle which provides an investor with direct access to a basket of shares traded on stock exchanges such as the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) with the convenience of trading in a single security. Most ETPs track an index, such as the FTSE/JSE Top 40. ETPs are attractive as investments because of their low costs (Total Expense Ratio [TER]) and the ability to purchase them like a normal listed security. An ETF combines the diversified portfolio of a unit trust investment with the tradability features of a listed security allowing it to be bought or sold during each trading day at the market ruling price. ETPs are passive investments, i.e. they provide the average performance of the asset class or index being tracked and not active investments (which seek to outperform the index).
 
Types
of ETPs
There are two types of ETPs traded on the JSE: 
Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) 
Typically track a basket (or index) of shares. The shares that replicate the index are physically held in a Trust (under the control of an independent Trustee) and ETF investor purchases a participatory investment in this portfolio (fund), which trades as an ETF on the JSE. ETFs are typically registered as Collective Investment Schemes (the same as unit trusts) and are regulated by the Financial Services Board (FSB) under the Collective Investment Schemes Act (CISCA). 
Exchange Traded Notes (ETNs)
Typically provide access to assets that are less suitable to physically hold and store, such as commodities, currencies, etc. The issuer of the ETN is allowed to cover its liability to deliver performance through exposure to futures or forward contracts and does not have to hold such assets in physical form. The issuer of the ETN has the obligation to provide the total return (performance) of the asset being tracked. This obligation requires that the investor needs to take into account the creditworthiness (credit rating) of the issuer of the ETN. This is not necessary with an ETF.
 
How can ETPs
benefit me?
Buying a basket of shares (an ETP) is less risky than buying a single listed company as the diversification and spread of investments reduces the risk exposure. ETPs typically track an index of the most liquid shares on the stockmarket. Indices are regularly rebalanced by the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) to ensure that they reflect the most successful securities on the exchange.
 
Are ETPs
cost effective?
When you buy an ETP you only pay once for exposure to a basket of shares. If you bought this index basket yourself, via a stock broker, it would be more expensive, and you would pay brokerage and Securities Transaction Tax (STT) for each of the shares purchased. When you buy an ETP, you only pay brokerage once and there is no STT payable for ETP transactions. ETPs generally have lower costs than other investment products because most ETPs are not actively managed and the underlying portfolio of shares is not traded regularly. ETPs typically have lower marketing, distribution and administration expenses.
 
Are ETPs
easily tradeable?
Yes, you can buy or sell ETPs at any time on the JSE just like any other listed security. The JSE trading system facilitates buying and selling prices at all times and there are market makers to provide liquidity (prices) for large orders. Alternatively, investors can transact ETPs via etfSA.co.za where all orders are pooled and traded once a day. 
 
Are ETPs
transparent?
Being listed on the JSE means that prices are updated at frequent intervals and are available to investors throughout the trading day, and not just once a day like a unit trusts. The ETP issuer discloses the underlying portfolio of shares in the ETP fund on a daily basis. 
 
Do ETPs
pay dividends?
Yes, ETFs collect the dividends from all the companies in the index tracked and pay these dividends over to investors, normally four times a year at the end of each quarter. The accrued dividends in any ETF portfolio are published daily in the net asset value (NAV) figures by all ETF issuing companies. ETNs typically do not pay dividends.
 
What fees
do I pay for
ETPs?
etfSA Investor Plan has a brokerage change of 0.08% of the amount invested for any ETF/ETN transaction executed on its platform. Stockbrokers have varying brokerage charges, depending on the size of the transaction and typically have minimum brokerage charges (from R50 to R120 per trade) which is incurred on each trade or leg of a trade. Online brokers typically charge between 0.4% to 0.08% per transaction. Full service stockbrokers charge 0.8% and upwards. Stockbrokers typically charge a custodian and administration fee which ranges from R50 per month up to R1000 per year. Buying ETPs direct from etfSA Investor Plan incurs a maximum annual management charge of between 0.35% and 0.65% of the value of the investment. This includes administration, custodian charges and reporting to investors. 
 
Do I have ownership
of  my ETPs?
Every ETP security you own is registered in your name on the JSE/STRATE electronic share registers by etfSA Investor Scheme® on a daily basis.
 
Are ETPs
well regulated?
Nearly all ETF issuers are registered Collective Investment Schemes and are regulated and controlled by the Financial Services Board (FSB). All ETPs are publicly listed securities and are also regulated by the JSE. ETNs are regulated by the JSE but are not Collective Investment Schemes.
 
Educational Seminars
etfSA.co.za, normally in conjunction with the ETP issuing companies and other media parties, holds regular educational seminars. These seminars cater for the first-time investor on the JSE, as well as the more sophisticated investor, who is interested in investing in ETPs. There is no charge for attendance. Details of the Seminars, including dates and topics covered can be found here.